Tuesday, March 9, 2010

We use the " using System.Security.Cryptography and using System.IO " namespaces to encrypt n decrypt string.


First of all add the above two namespaces to your project .
Now take a globle static string variable : private static string sKey = "123abc456efg"; //it can b any string value just use any of your choice

The following is a method to encrypt the string :

protected static string Encrypt(string InputText, string key)
{
// "key" string variable is nothing but the key(your secret key) value which is sent from the front end.
// "InputText" string variable is the actual password sent from the login page.
// We are now going to create an instance of the
// Rihndael class.
RijndaelManaged RijndaelCipher = new RijndaelManaged();
// First we need to turn the input strings into a byte array.
byte[] PlainText = System.Text.Encoding.Unicode.GetBytes(InputText);
// We are using Salt to make it harder to guess our key
// using a dictionary attack.
byte[] Salt = Encoding.ASCII.GetBytes(key.Length.ToString());
// The (Secret Key) will be generated from the specified
// key and Salt.
//PasswordDeriveBytes -- It Derives a key from a password
PasswordDeriveBytes SecretKey = new PasswordDeriveBytes(key, Salt);
// Create a encryptor from the existing SecretKey bytes.
// We use 32 bytes for the secret key
// (the default Rijndael key length is 256 bit = 32 bytes) and
// then 16 bytes for the IV (initialization vector),
// (the default Rijndael IV length is 128 bit = 16 bytes)
ICryptoTransform Encryptor = RijndaelCipher.CreateEncryptor(SecretKey.GetBytes(16), SecretKey.GetBytes(16));
// Create a MemoryStream that is going to hold the encrypted bytes
MemoryStream memoryStream = new MemoryStream();
// Create a CryptoStream through which we are going to be processing our data.
// CryptoStreamMode.Write means that we are going to be writing data
// to the stream and the output will be written in the MemoryStream
// we have provided. (always use write mode for encryption)
CryptoStream cryptoStream = new CryptoStream(memoryStream, Encryptor, CryptoStreamMode.Write);
// Start the encryption process.
cryptoStream.Write(PlainText, 0, PlainText.Length);
// Finish encrypting.
cryptoStream.FlushFinalBlock();
// Convert our encrypted data from a memoryStream into a byte array.
byte[] CipherBytes = memoryStream.ToArray();
// Close both streams.
memoryStream.Close();
cryptoStream.Close();
// Convert encrypted data into a base64-encoded string.
// A common mistake would be to use an Encoding class for that.
// It does not work, because not all byte values can be
// represented by characters. We are going to be using Base64 encoding
// That is designed exactly for what we are trying to do.
string EncryptedData = Convert.ToBase64String(CipherBytes);
// Return encrypted string.
return EncryptedData;
}

The Following Method Is To Decrypt The String :
 
protected static string Decrypt(string InputText, string key)
{
try
{
RijndaelManaged RijndaelCipher = new RijndaelManaged();
byte[] EncryptedData = Convert.FromBase64String(InputText);
byte[] Salt = Encoding.ASCII.GetBytes(key.Length.ToString());
PasswordDeriveBytes SecretKey = new PasswordDeriveBytes(key, Salt);
// Create a decryptor from the existing SecretKey bytes.
ICryptoTransform Decryptor = RijndaelCipher.CreateDecryptor(SecretKey.GetBytes(16), SecretKey.GetBytes(16));
MemoryStream memoryStream = new MemoryStream(EncryptedData);
// Create a CryptoStream. (always use Read mode for decryption).
CryptoStream cryptoStream = new CryptoStream(memoryStream, Decryptor, CryptoStreamMode.Read);
// Since at this point we don't know what the size of decrypted data
// will be, allocate the buffer long enough to hold EncryptedData;
// DecryptedData is never longer than EncryptedData.
byte[] PlainText = new byte[EncryptedData.Length];
// Start decrypting.
int DecryptedCount = cryptoStream.Read(PlainText, 0, PlainText.Length);
memoryStream.Close();
cryptoStream.Close();
// Convert decrypted data into a string.
string DecryptedData = Encoding.Unicode.GetString(PlainText, 0, DecryptedCount);
// Return decrypted string.
return DecryptedData;
}
catch (Exception exception)
{return (exception.Message);
}}
 
 
Thas it !
 
Download Demo Application

Download Demo SrcCode VS2008

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